Can hedgehogs eat earthworms?

Can Hedgehogs Eat Earthworms? Unearthing the Facts

Hello, and welcome to this article where I’ll be exploring the question – can hedgehogs eat earthworms? Hedgehogs are fascinating animals and have unique dietary needs, so it’s important to understand if offering earthworms as part of their diet is a viable option. Let’s dive into the world of hedgehogs and their nutritional requirements.

Key Takeaways:

  • Hedgehogs are insectivores and primarily consume insects in the wild.
  • Their dietary needs differ from those kept as pets, where they have access to commercially available pet foods.
  • Feeding hedgehogs earthworms is a controversial topic due to potential health risks and sourcing challenges.
  • Earthworms can provide valuable nutritional benefits and enhance a hedgehog’s diet, but it’s important to consider alternatives if they do not readily consume them.
  • The decision to include earthworms in your hedgehog’s diet should be based on individual nutritional requirements, behavior, and overall well-being.

Hedgehog Diet: Understanding their Natural Preferences

Before we dig into the specifics of whether hedgehogs can eat earthworms, it’s important to take a closer look at their natural dietary preferences. As insectivores, hedgehogs primarily consume insects and other invertebrates in the wild. Their diet typically consists of beetles, caterpillars, earthworms, and other small creatures they can hunt and scavenge.

In addition to insects, hedgehogs may also consume small amounts of fruits and vegetables, although they generally prefer animal-based foods. Hedgehogs have a keen sense of smell, which they use to locate prey, making them effective hunters despite their small size.

It’s essential to understand that hedgehogs have different dietary requirements depending on their age, weight, and other individual factors. Therefore, it’s crucial to provide them with a balanced diet that meets their specific nutritional needs.

Fun Fact: Hedgehogs are lactose intolerant and should not consume dairy products as part of their diet.

Commercial Hedgehog Diets

As hedgehogs have become increasingly popular as pets, commercially available hedgehog food has become more widely available. These specialized diets are formulated to meet the dietary needs of domesticated hedgehogs and are typically a blend of high-quality protein sources, fiber, vitamins, and minerals.

It’s essential to choose carefully when selecting commercial hedgehog food, as some brands may contain unhealthy fillers and additives. Always check the ingredient list and opt for foods that contain high-quality protein sources like chicken, turkey, or mealworms.

Natural Hedgehog Diet Vs. Domesticated Diet

While hedgehogs in the wild consume a primarily insect-based diet, those kept as pets may have access to a wider variety of foods, including commercial hedgehog food, fruits, and vegetables. However, it’s important to keep in mind that hedgehogs have a natural preference for animal-based foods, and their diet should reflect this.

In addition to providing a balanced diet, it’s crucial to ensure that hedgehogs have access to clean water at all times. A lack of water can quickly lead to dehydration, which can harm a hedgehog’s overall health.

Hedgehogs as Insectivores: Unveiling their Predatory Nature

As insectivores, hedgehogs have a natural predatory nature that enables them to hunt and consume insects as their primary diet. Their sharp teeth and keen sense of smell are key adaptations that aid in their hunting abilities.

Hedgehogs are known to consume various types of insects, including worms, larvae, and beetles. They are also nocturnal animals, which means they are most active at night, when their prey is also active.

It’s important to note that despite their predatory nature, hedgehogs do not exclusively consume insects. They have also been known to consume small mammals, amphibians, and plants, depending on their natural habitat and availability of food sources.

As pets, hedgehogs can be fed a diet that mimics their natural preferences, including commercially available insectivore food and live insects such as mealworms and crickets.

It’s essential to provide a balanced diet for pet hedgehogs, as overfeeding or underfeeding can lead to health issues. Consulting with a veterinarian or animal nutritionist can help ensure that your pet hedgehog is receiving proper nutrition and meeting their dietary needs.

Exploring Hedgehog Domestication and Pet Food Options

As hedgehogs have become increasingly popular pets, their diet has evolved to include commercially available pet foods. While hedgehogs are primarily insectivores, their nutritional requirements in captivity differ from their wild counterparts, and it’s essential to ensure they receive a well-rounded diet.

When considering feeding domesticated hedgehogs, it’s vital to understand that their dietary needs vary depending on several factors, including age, weight, and activity level. Therefore, it’s recommended to consult with a veterinarian or a qualified animal nutritionist to determine the best diet for your pet hedgehog.

There are several commercial pet food options designed specifically for hedgehogs, including kibble and wet food, which provide a balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs. These foods are fortified with essential nutrients, including vitamins and minerals, to sustain their health.

Popular Commercial Hedgehog Foods Benefits
High-quality dry kibble Easy to store, affordable, and provides complete nutrition
Canned/wet food Easy to digest, soft texture, and convenient for senior hedgehogs or those with dental issues
Freeze-dried insects Excellent source of protein and variety in their diet

Specialized Hedgehog Food

Specialized hedgehog food contains specific ingredients, including mealworms, beetles, and chicken fat, to replicate their natural diet as closely as possible. These foods are typically high in protein and low in fat, which are essential components of a hedgehog’s diet.

It’s worth noting that, while some specialized pet foods offer a close approximation of a hedgehog’s natural diet, they may not be readily available in all areas. Therefore, it’s essential to research local pet stores or online options before deciding on your hedgehog’s diet.

Nutritional Requirements for Optimal Health

Hedgehogs require a diet high in protein and low in fat to maintain optimal health. Good quality, commercially available pet foods created specifically for hedgehogs provide the necessary nutrition for their well-being.

  • Protein: A hedgehog’s diet should contain a minimum of 25% protein. Essential amino acids, such as taurine and arginine, are vital for metabolism and muscle development.
  • Fat: Adult hedgehogs should consume a diet with a maximum of 5% fat to prevent obesity. Young hedgehogs need higher fat content to support growth.
  • Fiber: Hedgehogs require a small amount of fiber to aid in digestion and prevent constipation.
  • Vitamins and minerals: Hedgehogs require a range of vitamins and minerals, including calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D, for strong bone development.

Feeding a hedgehog a well-rounded diet that meets their nutritional requirements is essential for their overall health and well-being. While hedgehogs can eat earthworms, they should not be relied upon as the sole food source in their diet. A balanced diet of commercial pet food and occasional treats, including insects and worms, can provide your pet hedgehog with the nutrients they need to thrive.

Are Earthworms Safe for Hedgehogs to Eat?

If you’re like me, you want to make sure that your hedgehog’s diet is as nutritious and varied as possible. So, can hedgehogs eat earthworms? The answer is yes! However, there are a few things to keep in mind before you add these wriggly creatures to your hedgehog’s menu.


First of all, it’s crucial to ensure that the earthworms you feed your hedgehog are not contaminated with pesticides or other harmful substances. If you collect earthworms from your garden, make sure it’s free from chemicals. Alternatively, you can purchase earthworms from a reputable online retailer.

Health Considerations

As with any new food, it’s essential to introduce earthworms to your hedgehog’s diet slowly. Monitor their consumption carefully and look out for any signs of a negative reaction, such as vomiting or diarrhea. Additionally, hedgehogs with compromised immune systems or underlying health conditions should not be fed earthworms without consulting with a veterinarian first.


Remember to always wash your hands before and after handling earthworms, as they can carry bacteria and parasites that can be harmful to humans.

Nutritional Benefits

Earthworms are an excellent source of protein, which is crucial for growth and repair in hedgehogs. They’re also rich in essential amino acids, which are necessary for a healthy immune system. In addition to protein, earthworms contain essential minerals such as calcium and iron, which are important for maintaining strong bones and healthy blood.

Nutrient Amount per 100g of Earthworms
Protein 76g
Calcium 500mg
Iron 8mg


Feeding earthworms to your hedgehog can provide a variety of nutritional benefits, but it’s crucial to keep in mind the potential risks and considerations before you do so. With proper sourcing, careful monitoring, and attention to your hedgehog’s health, earthworms can safely be a part of a balanced and nutritious diet for your beloved pet.

Nutritional Value of Earthworms for Hedgehogs

Earthworms have long been considered a nutritious addition to a hedgehog’s diet. These invertebrates are not only abundant and easy to source but also offer a range of essential nutrients that are vital for a hedgehog’s overall health and well-being.

Firstly, earthworms are an excellent source of protein, which is crucial for muscle growth and development. In fact, they contain up to 76% protein, making them one of the most protein-rich foods available. Hedgehogs require a high-protein diet, and earthworms can help ensure that they meet their daily protein needs.

In addition to protein, earthworms are also a rich source of vitamins and minerals. They contain high amounts of calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus, which are essential for bone health and development. Earthworms also provide hedgehogs with a range of B vitamins, which help support their nervous system and metabolism.

Nutrient Amount per 100g of Earthworms
Protein 76g
Calcium 1,000mg
Magnesium 224mg
Phosphorus 1,270mg
Vitamin B12 3.3μg

It is important to note that while earthworms offer an array of nutritional benefits, they should not be the sole source of a hedgehog’s diet. Hedgehogs require a diverse diet that includes a combination of protein, fiber, and fat.

Can excessive consumption of earthworms harm hedgehogs?

Feeding hedgehogs a diet that is too high in protein can result in health problems such as obesity and liver damage. It is therefore essential to monitor the amount of earthworms and other protein-rich foods that you feed your pet hedgehog.

Additionally, it is crucial to only source earthworms from clean and safe areas. Earthworms can contain harmful parasites and bacteria if they are harvested from contaminated soil or water. It is recommended to purchase earthworms from a reputable supplier or to cultivate them at home using organic soil and compost.

Feeding Earthworms to Hedgehogs: Tips and Considerations

Now that we’ve established that earthworms can be a nutritious addition to a hedgehog’s diet, let’s discuss some tips and considerations for feeding them.

  1. Introduce slowly: If your hedgehog has never eaten earthworms before, it’s important to introduce them slowly and in small amounts. Start by feeding a small piece and monitor their reaction before gradually increasing the portion size.
  2. Proper sourcing: Ensure that the earthworms you’re feeding your hedgehog are from a safe and reliable source. Avoid feeding them worms from your garden, as they may have been exposed to pesticides or other harmful chemicals.
  3. Clean thoroughly: Rinse the earthworms thoroughly with water before feeding them to your hedgehog to remove any dirt or debris.
  4. Variety is key: While earthworms can be a nutritious addition to a hedgehog’s diet, it’s important to offer a variety of foods to ensure they’re receiving all the necessary nutrients.

When feeding your hedgehog earthworms, it’s important to consider their overall nutritional needs and behavior. While some hedgehogs may readily consume earthworms, others may not be interested. It’s important to observe your pet’s behavior and health to determine if earthworms are a suitable addition to their diet.

Tip: If your hedgehog is hesitant to eat earthworms, try offering them at different times of day or cutting them into smaller pieces to make them more appealing.

Remember to monitor your hedgehog’s diet and consult with a veterinarian if you have any concerns about their nutritional needs. With proper sourcing and preparation, earthworms can be a nutritious and satisfying addition to a hedgehog’s diet.

Alternatives to Earthworms for Hedgehogs

While earthworms are a nutritious and tasty addition to a hedgehog’s diet, not all hedgehogs may readily accept them, and they might not be available in all regions. Fortunately, there are several alternative food options that can provide similar nutritional benefits and keep your pet hedgehog healthy and happy.

Mealworms: Similar in size and texture to earthworms, mealworms are a popular choice for hedgehog owners. They are an excellent source of protein and contain essential amino acids, vitamins, and minerals that help support your hedgehog’s health. You can purchase mealworms from pet stores or online, but make sure to buy them from a reputable source that ensures they are free from pesticides and chemicals.

Cricket: Another favorite among hedgehogs, crickets are a good source of protein, fat, and fiber. They are easy to find in most pet stores and can be purchased live or dried. Frozen crickets may also be an option, but make sure they are not freezer burnt, as this can damage their nutritional value.

Cooked chicken: For hedgehog owners who prefer feeding their pets cooked food, boiled or baked chicken can be a safe and healthy option. Chicken is an excellent source of lean protein and can be served plain or mixed with vegetables like peas, carrots, or sweet potatoes.

Commercial hedgehog food: If you’re looking for a convenient and balanced alternative to earthworms or other live prey, commercial hedgehog food can be a good option. Look for products that are specifically formulated for hedgehogs and contain high-quality protein, fiber, and fat. Avoid foods that contain excessive amounts of fruits or vegetables, as these are not suitable for hedgehogs.

When introducing new foods to your hedgehog’s diet, make sure to do so gradually and observe their reactions. Hedgehogs can be picky eaters, and some may take longer to accept new foods than others. Always make sure to provide a balanced and varied diet that meets your pet’s nutritional requirements and consult with a veterinarian if you have any concerns about their health.


In conclusion, hedgehogs are fascinating creatures with unique dietary needs. While they are primarily insectivores, their diet can also include a variety of other foods. As we’ve explored in this article, earthworms can be safe and beneficial for hedgehogs to eat as long as they are sourced properly and introduced carefully into their diet.

It’s important to remember that not all hedgehogs may readily consume earthworms, and there are alternative food options that can provide similar nutritional benefits. As a responsible hedgehog owner, it’s essential to monitor your pet’s diet and ensure they are receiving a balanced nutritional intake.

Overall, whether or not to feed earthworms to your pet hedgehog is a decision that should be made based on their individual needs and behavior. By understanding their natural preferences and dietary needs, you can provide your hedgehog with a healthy and fulfilling diet that supports their optimal health and well-being.


Can hedgehogs eat earthworms?

Yes, hedgehogs can safely eat earthworms as part of their diet. Earthworms provide valuable nutrients and are a natural prey item for hedgehogs in the wild.

What are the natural preferences of hedgehogs when it comes to their diet?

Hedgehogs are insectivores by nature and prefer to consume a diet primarily consisting of insects, invertebrates, and sometimes small vertebrates. However, they can also eat fruits, vegetables, and commercial hedgehog foods.

Are hedgehogs considered to be insectivores?

Yes, hedgehogs are classified as insectivores due to their natural instinct to hunt and consume insects. They have sharp teeth and a keen sense of smell, which aids them in their predatory nature.

What options are available for feeding domesticated hedgehogs?

For pet hedgehogs, various commercial options are available, including specialized hedgehog food. These foods are formulated to meet the nutritional requirements of domesticated hedgehogs and ensure their optimal health.

Are earthworms safe for hedgehogs to eat?

As long as the earthworms are sourced from a safe and pesticide-free environment, they are generally safe for hedgehogs to eat. However, it’s important to introduce them gradually and in moderation to monitor any potential adverse reactions.

What is the nutritional value of earthworms for hedgehogs?

Earthworms offer a range of essential nutrients for hedgehogs, including protein, fat, vitamins, and minerals. They can contribute to a hedgehog’s overall health and well-being when included as part of a balanced diet.

What should I consider when feeding earthworms to my hedgehog?

When feeding earthworms to your hedgehog, ensure that the worms are fresh, pesticide-free, and of an appropriate size. Monitor your hedgehog’s consumption and adjust the quantity as needed to maintain a balanced nutritional intake.

Are there alternatives to earthworms for hedgehogs?

Yes, there are alternative food options for hedgehogs that can provide similar nutritional benefits. These can include mealworms, crickets, and commercially available hedgehog foods that are formulated to meet their dietary needs.

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