What can hedgehogs eat?

Understanding Your Pet: What Can Hedgehogs Eat?

If you own a hedgehog, you know how important it is to provide them with a safe and balanced diet. But what can hedgehogs eat? As a hedgehog owner and a professional copywriting journalist, I have researched and compiled a comprehensive guide to help you understand your pet’s dietary needs.

From protein-packed foods to nutritious fruits and vegetables, we will explore the best diet for hedgehogs in this article. Plus, we will discuss the importance of fiber and highlight the foods you should avoid feeding your pet. By following these guidelines, you can ensure that your hedgehog stays healthy and happy.

Key Takeaways:

  • Knowing what hedgehogs can eat is crucial for their overall well-being.
  • A balanced diet for hedgehogs includes protein, fiber, and nutritious fruits and vegetables.
  • Commercial hedgehog foods have pros and cons, and treats should be given in moderation.
  • Some foods can be harmful to hedgehogs and should be avoided.
  • Consult with a veterinarian for personalized dietary advice for your hedgehog.

Hedgehog Nutrition: A Balanced Diet for Your Pet

Feeding your hedgehog a well-balanced diet is essential to their overall health and happiness. A proper diet should consist of a variety of foods that meet their nutritional needs, including protein, fiber, vitamins, and minerals.

Here is a hedgehog food list that includes safe and healthy options for your pet:

Protein Fruits and Vegetables Fiber
Mealworms Apples Carrots
Crickets Bananas Pumpkin
Boiled chicken Blueberries Sweet potato
Salmon Mango Green beans
Eggs Pears Spinach

When feeding your hedgehog, it’s important to offer a variety of foods to ensure they receive all the necessary nutrients. Don’t feed them the same food every day, as this can lead to boredom and potentially a lack of nutrients.

In addition to providing a varied diet, it’s also essential to feed your hedgehog the right amount. Overfeeding can lead to obesity and health issues, while underfeeding can result in malnutrition.

Consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate amount and frequency of meals for your hedgehog. Generally, adult hedgehogs should be fed once a day, while younger hedgehogs may require two meals a day.

By following a balanced diet and feeding your hedgehog the right amount, you can ensure that they stay healthy and happy for years to come.

Protein-Packed Foods for Hedgehogs

When it comes to hedgehog food options, protein is an essential component of their diet. Ensuring your hedgehog gets enough protein is vital for maintaining their health and well-being. Here are some safe and healthy protein-packed foods that you can incorporate into your hedgehog’s diet:

Food Protein Content (%)
Mealworms 50.9
Crickets 20.9
Boiled chicken 31.2
Boiled egg 12.6
Salmon 22.7

It’s important to note that while these foods are safe and healthy for hedgehogs, they should be fed in moderation and as part of a balanced diet. As with all hedgehog food options, it’s crucial to introduce new foods gradually to avoid any digestive upset.

Mealworms and Crickets

Mealworms and crickets are excellent protein sources for hedgehogs. In fact, mealworms are often a staple of many hedgehog diets. You can purchase them from pet stores or breed them yourself at home. Ensure that the mealworms and crickets you feed your hedgehog are gut-loaded, which means that they have been fed a nutritious diet themselves before being fed to your pet. It’s also important to note that mealworms and crickets should be offered in moderation as they are high in fat.

Boiled Chicken and Egg

Boiled chicken and egg are other great options for adding protein to your hedgehog’s diet. Ensure that the chicken and egg are cooked thoroughly and do not contain any seasonings or spices as they can be harmful to your pet. It’s recommended to offer boiled chicken and egg in small amounts as a treat rather than as a regular part of their diet.


Salmon is also an excellent source of protein for hedgehogs. However, you should only offer cooked, boneless, and skinless salmon to your pet. Raw salmon can contain harmful bacteria and parasites that can be dangerous for hedgehogs to consume. Additionally, salmon should only be offered in small amounts due to its high fat content.

Overall, including these protein-packed foods in your hedgehog’s diet can help ensure they receive the necessary nutrients for a healthy and happy life. Remember to always consult with a veterinarian for personalized dietary advice for your pet.

Fruits and Vegetables: Nutritious Additions to Hedgehog Diets

While hedgehogs primarily require protein, adding fruits and vegetables to their diet can provide additional nutrients. It’s essential to choose the right fruits and vegetables as some can be harmful to your hedgehog.

Safe Fruits for Hedgehogs

Fruits are a great source of vitamins and minerals for hedgehogs. Some safe options include:

Fruit Serving Size
Apples 1 tablespoon
Bananas 1 teaspoon
Blueberries 2-3 berries
Mango 1 teaspoon
Peaches 1 tablespoon
Strawberries 1-2 berries

Safe Vegetables for Hedgehogs

Vegetables are a great source of fiber for hedgehogs. Some safe options include:

When feeding vegetables, make sure to cook them thoroughly and chop them into small pieces. Raw vegetables can be difficult for hedgehogs to digest.

Remember to introduce new fruits and vegetables gradually and in small amounts to avoid upsetting your hedgehog’s stomach. You can also offer a variety of safe options to keep their diet interesting.

Tip: Avoid feeding fruits and vegetables high in sugar or oxalic acid, such as grapes, cranberries, and spinach. These can be harmful to your hedgehog’s health.

The Importance of Fiber in Hedgehog Diets

While protein is a crucial part of a hedgehog’s diet, fiber is just as important. A lack of fiber can lead to digestive issues, such as constipation and diarrhea. Including fiber-rich foods in your hedgehog’s diet can help prevent these issues and promote a healthy digestive system.

So, what are some good sources of fiber for hedgehogs? Vegetables such as kale, spinach, and broccoli are great options. Fruits like apples, strawberries, and blueberries can also provide fiber.

It’s important to note that not all fruits and vegetables are safe for hedgehogs to consume, so make sure to check our food list (link to section 2) before offering any new foods. Additionally, it’s crucial to introduce new foods slowly and in small amounts to prevent digestive upset.

Incorporating fiber into your hedgehog’s diet is easy and can be done by offering a variety of safe fruits and vegetables. Remember to consult with a veterinarian for personalized dietary advice for your pet to ensure they are getting a well-rounded, proper diet that meets their nutritional needs.

Commercial Hedgehog Foods: Pros and Cons

When it comes to choosing the best diet for your hedgehog, you may be wondering if commercial hedgehog foods are a good option. While there are pros and cons to these types of foods, it’s important to consider all the factors before making a decision.

The Pros of Commercial Hedgehog Foods

One of the biggest advantages of commercial hedgehog foods is convenience. These foods are readily available at pet stores and are often formulated to meet the specific nutritional needs of hedgehogs.

Commercial foods may also have a longer shelf life than fresh foods, which can be beneficial for hedgehog owners who don’t have access to a wide range of fresh options.

Additionally, some commercial hedgehog foods contain added vitamins and minerals, which can be beneficial for hedgehogs who may not be getting all the necessary nutrients from their diet alone.

The Cons of Commercial Hedgehog Foods

One of the biggest drawbacks of commercial hedgehog foods is that they can be expensive. While they may be convenient, they can also be cost-prohibitive for some owners.

Furthermore, not all commercial hedgehog foods are created equal. Some options may contain fillers or preservatives that can be harmful to your pet’s health. It’s important to carefully read the ingredients list and consult with a veterinarian before introducing a new food to your hedgehog’s diet.

Another potential issue with commercial foods is that they can be high in fat and low in fiber, which can lead to obesity and other health problems in hedgehogs.

Choosing the Right Commercial Hedgehog Food

If you decide to feed your hedgehog commercial food, it’s important to choose a high-quality option that meets their nutritional needs. Look for foods that are low in fat and high in protein and fiber.

It’s also important to consider your hedgehog’s age and activity level when choosing a food. Younger hedgehogs may require a different balance of nutrients than older hedgehogs, and more active hedgehogs may need a higher calorie content.


While commercial hedgehog foods can be a convenient option, they are not the only choice for providing a healthy diet for your pet. It’s important to consider all the factors and consult with a veterinarian before making any changes to your hedgehog’s diet.

Treats and Snacks for Hedgehogs: Moderation is Key

As a hedgehog owner, I understand the desire to spoil your pet with treats and snacks. However, it’s important to remember that these should be offered in moderation to maintain a balanced diet and prevent health issues.

When selecting treats and snacks for your hedgehog, opt for healthy options that won’t disrupt their diet. Incorporating fresh fruits and vegetables is a great way to provide additional nutrients. Some safe options include:

  • Berries: strawberries, raspberries, blueberries
  • Melon: watermelon, cantaloupe, honeydew
  • Squash: butternut, acorn, spaghetti squash
  • Leafy greens: kale, collard greens, spinach
  • Carrots: raw or cooked

It’s important to note that fruits and vegetables should only make up a small portion of your hedgehog’s diet. The majority of their food should still consist of protein-rich options.

If you’re looking for pre-made treats, make sure to read the ingredients list carefully. Avoid treats with added sugars or artificial ingredients.

DIY Treat Ideas

If you’re feeling creative, you can make your own hedgehog treats at home! Here are a few simple ideas:

  1. Baked sweet potato fries: Cut sweet potato into thin strips and bake in the oven until crispy.
  2. Freeze-dried mealworms: These can be found at most pet stores and provide a protein-rich snack for your hedgehog.
  3. Fruit skewers: Thread small pieces of fruit onto a wooden skewer for a fun and colorful treat.

Remember, treats and snacks should only be given in moderation. Too many can lead to weight gain and digestive issues. Always consult with your veterinarian before introducing new foods into your hedgehog’s diet.

Foods to Avoid: Harmful for Hedgehogs

When it comes to feeding a hedgehog, not all human foods are safe for them to consume. As a responsible pet owner, it is essential to know which foods to avoid to prevent any health complications for your hedgehog. Here are some of the most common foods that are harmful to hedgehogs:

Food Reasons to Avoid
Avocado The persin in Avocados is toxic to hedgehogs and can cause severe health issues such as breathing difficulties, fluid accumulation in lungs, and even death
Grapes and raisins Can cause kidney failure in hedgehogs
Chocolate Contains theobromine which is toxic to hedgehogs and can cause seizures, heart failure, and even death
Nuts Can cause gastrointestinal issues, and the high-fat content can lead to obesity in hedgehogs
Raw meat and eggs May contain harmful bacteria such as salmonella, which can cause severe health complications in hedgehogs

It’s important to remember that hedgehogs have a sensitive digestive system, and even seemingly harmless foods can lead to health issues. Therefore, it’s always better to stick to a well-balanced diet consisting of safe food options for hedgehogs.

Pro tip: Always check with your veterinarian before introducing any new foods to your hedgehog’s diet to ensure that it’s safe for them to consume.


In conclusion, providing the right diet for your hedgehog is essential for their overall health and happiness. By understanding their dietary needs and incorporating safe and nutritious foods into their meals, you can ensure that your pet is getting the best diet possible. Remember to include protein-rich foods like insects, cooked meat, and eggs, as well as fiber-rich foods like vegetables and occasional fruits. It’s also important to avoid harmful foods like grapes, avocado, and chocolate.

Consulting with a veterinarian is always recommended for personalized dietary advice for your hedgehog. As a pet owner, it’s up to you to provide a safe and comfortable home for your hedgehog, and their diet plays a crucial role in their well-being. With the right diet and care, your hedgehog will thrive and be a happy companion for years to come.


What can hedgehogs eat?

Hedgehogs can eat a variety of foods, including insects, high-quality cat food, cooked chicken, fruits, and vegetables. It’s important to provide them with a balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs.

How often should I feed my hedgehog?

Adult hedgehogs should be fed once a day, in the evening. It’s important to monitor their weight and adjust the portion size accordingly. Baby hedgehogs may need to be fed more frequently.

Can hedgehogs eat fruits and vegetables?

Yes, hedgehogs can eat certain fruits and vegetables as part of a balanced diet. However, it’s important to avoid feeding them citrus fruits, onions, and grapes, as these can be harmful to their health.

Should I offer my hedgehog treats or snacks?

Yes, treats and snacks can be given to hedgehogs in moderation. Some suitable options include mealworms, cooked eggs, and small portions of fruits. However, it’s important not to overfeed them with treats.

Can I feed my hedgehog commercial hedgehog foods?

Commercial hedgehog foods can be a convenient option, but they should not be the sole source of your hedgehog’s diet. It’s best to supplement them with fresh, high-quality cat food and other appropriate foods.

Are there any foods that hedgehogs should avoid?

Yes, there are certain foods that you should never feed your hedgehog. These include chocolate, caffeine, dairy products, raw meat, and anything high in salt or sugar. These can be harmful and potentially fatal for hedgehogs.

How can I ensure that my hedgehog is getting enough fiber?

Fiber is important for a healthy digestive system in hedgehogs. You can provide them with fiber-rich foods such as cooked pumpkin, green beans, and leafy greens like spinach. Avoid feeding them too many fatty or oily foods.

What should I do if my hedgehog refuses to eat?

If your hedgehog stops eating or shows a decreased appetite, it’s important to seek veterinary advice. Loss of appetite could be a sign of an underlying health issue, and a professional can provide the appropriate guidance.

Can I feed my hedgehog live insects?

Yes, hedgehogs enjoy hunting and eating live insects. Mealworms, crickets, and waxworms are some suitable options. However, make sure to purchase them from reputable sources to ensure they are safe for your pet.

How can I introduce new foods to my hedgehog’s diet?

Introduce new foods gradually to your hedgehog’s diet to avoid digestive upset. Start by offering small portions and monitor their reaction. If there are no adverse effects, you can gradually increase the amount.

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