Can hedgehogs eat mealworms?

Can Hedgehogs Eat Mealworms? Your Guide to Hedgehog Diets

Are you a hedgehog owner wondering if mealworms are a suitable addition to your pet’s diet? As a fellow hedgehog enthusiast, I understand the importance of providing our adorable prickly friends with a balanced and healthy diet. In this comprehensive guide, I’ll explore the question of whether hedgehogs can eat mealworms and provide you with all the necessary information to make informed decisions about your hedgehog’s nutrition.

Key Takeaways

  • Hedgehogs are insectivores and require a diet high in protein, low in fat, and balanced in vitamins and minerals.
  • Mealworms have a good nutritional profile and can offer benefits to hedgehogs such as promoting natural foraging behaviors.
  • There are also risks and considerations to keep in mind when feeding mealworms to hedgehogs such as potential allergies and digestive concerns.
  • Alternative food options can diversify a hedgehog’s diet and provide necessary nutrients.
  • Introducing mealworms properly and monitoring a hedgehog’s diet can ensure optimal health and happiness.

Understanding Hedgehog Diets

Before we discuss whether hedgehogs can eat mealworms, it’s essential to understand their overall dietary needs. Hedgehogs are insectivores, which means their natural diet primarily consists of insects, small invertebrates, and some plant matter. In the wild, they eat a variety of foods to meet their nutritional needs, but as pets, it’s up to us to provide a balanced and suitable diet.

Hedgehogs have a high metabolism and require food rich in protein to maintain optimal health. They need a balanced diet of protein, fat, vitamins, and minerals to thrive. A lack of proper nutrition can lead to health issues such as obesity, malnutrition, and even death.

When planning a hedgehog’s diet, it’s important to consider their age, weight, and activity level. A balanced diet must contain approximately 30-35% protein, 5-15% fat, and 50-55% carbohydrates. Providing a variety of foods can help ensure they are getting all the necessary nutrients.

Nutritional Requirements of Hedgehogs

As insectivores, hedgehogs require a diet that is high in protein and low in fat. They also need a balance of vitamins and minerals to stay healthy. As their caregiver, it’s important to understand the nutritional requirements of hedgehogs to provide them with a well-rounded diet.

Protein is vital for hedgehogs to maintain their muscle mass, grow and repair tissues, and support their immune system. In their natural habitat, hedgehogs consume insects, small invertebrates, and some plant matter to meet their protein needs.

While they require protein, it’s important to keep their fat intake low. A high-fat diet can lead to obesity, which can result in various health problems, including fatty liver disease and joint issues.

To ensure a hedgehog’s optimal health, they require a balance of vitamins and minerals in their diet. Vitamins like A, D, and E are essential for their vision, bone health, and immune system. Meanwhile, minerals like calcium, phosphorus, and iron are necessary for their bone structure, blood oxygenation, and overall health.

Chart of Nutritional Requirements of Hedgehogs

Nutrients Recommended Daily Amount
Protein 30-35%
Fat 10-15%
Vitamin A 800-1000 IU
Vitamin D 200-400 IU
Vitamin E 10-20 IU
Calcium 0.5-0.8%
Phosphorus 0.4-0.8%
Iron 50-100 mg/kg

It’s crucial to provide hedgehogs with a diet that meets their nutritional requirements to prevent health problems. A diet that is low in protein or high in fat can cause various health issues ranging from obesity to cardiovascular problems. Conversely, a properly balanced and nutritious diet can help hedgehogs maintain a healthy weight, promote a strong immune system, and keep their fur shiny.

Mealworms: A Nutritional Profile

Mealworms are a popular choice for hedgehog owners looking to supplement their pet’s diet with insects. But what exactly do mealworms offer nutritionally? Let’s take a closer look at their profile.

Nutrient Amount per 100g
Protein 20g
Fat 13g
Carbohydrates 2g
Fiber 0.7g
Calcium 62mg
Iron 1.5mg
Vitamin B12 1.1mcg
Vitamin E 0.2mg

Mealworms are an excellent source of protein, which is critical for hedgehogs’ health. They are also relatively low in fat, although it’s worth noting that the fat they do contain is predominantly unsaturated. Additionally, mealworms are a good source of calcium, iron, and vitamin B12, which are essential for overall health and wellbeing.

While mealworms offer several nutritional benefits, it’s important to keep in mind that they should not be the only food source in a hedgehog’s diet. Variety is key to ensure that all of their nutritional needs are being met.

Potential Benefits of Mealworms for Hedgehogs

Mealworms can offer several benefits if included as part of a hedgehog’s diet. Here are some of the potential advantages:

  • High in protein: Mealworms are an excellent source of protein for hedgehogs. Protein is essential for muscle growth and repair, and it also helps maintain a healthy coat and skin.
  • Nutrient-rich: Mealworms contain a range of important vitamins and minerals, including vitamin B12, zinc, and iron.
  • Natural foraging behaviors: Hedgehogs are natural foragers and enjoy searching for food. Including mealworms in their diet can stimulate this behavior and provide mental and physical stimulation.
  • Alternative to live insects: Some hedgehogs may not be able to eat live insects due to allergies or other medical conditions. Mealworms are an excellent alternative to live insects, providing many of the same nutritional benefits without the risk of allergic reactions.
  • Easy to store: Mealworms are generally easy to store and have a long shelf life. This makes them a convenient option for hedgehog owners.

While mealworms can offer several benefits, it’s important to keep in mind that they should not make up the entirety of a hedgehog’s diet. A balanced diet with a variety of food options is crucial for their optimal health and well-being.

Risks and Considerations of Feeding Mealworms to Hedgehogs

While mealworms can provide several nutritional benefits to hedgehogs, there are also several risks and considerations to keep in mind before incorporating them into their regular diet.


Some hedgehogs may have allergies to mealworms, which may cause digestive problems and other health issues. It’s always best to introduce mealworms slowly and monitor their reactions carefully. If you notice any adverse reactions, like vomiting or diarrhea, stop feeding mealworms immediately and consult with your veterinarian.


Mealworms should be fed as part of a balanced diet, and it’s essential to monitor the quantity being fed. Overfeeding mealworms can lead to obesity and other health problems, so it’s best to feed them as a snack or a small portion of their meal.

Digestive Concerns

Hedgehogs have sensitive digestive systems, and feeding them too many mealworms could cause digestive problems like bloating and constipation. It’s recommended only to feed your hedgehog mealworms as a treat and to avoid feeding them exclusively or too frequently.

Other Considerations

It’s essential to consider the source of mealworms. Mealworms from reputable sources are less likely to contain parasites or bacteria that could harm your hedgehog. Also, avoid feeding your hedgehog mealworms that have been dead for an extended period, as they may have lost their nutritional value and could cause health issues.

By considering these risks and factors, you can safely and responsibly incorporate mealworms into your hedgehog’s diet to provide them with the necessary nutrients and a tasty treat.

Other Suitable Food Options for Hedgehogs

If you’re looking to diversify your hedgehog’s diet, there are plenty of suitable food options available. Providing a variety of foods will not only keep your hedgehog satisfied, but also ensure they receive a balanced and nutritious diet.

High-Protein Insect Options

Hedgehogs are natural insectivores, so incorporating high-protein insects into their diet is a great option. Mealworms, crickets, and waxworms are all excellent sources of protein and can be found at most pet stores. As with mealworms, it’s important to introduce these insects gradually and in moderation to avoid digestive issues.

Fruits and Vegetables

While not the primary component of a hedgehog’s diet, adding fruits and vegetables can provide important vitamins and minerals. Some suitable options include:

Fruits Vegetables
Apples Carrots
Bananas Squash
Mangoes Green beans

It’s important to note that fruits and vegetables should be given in small amounts and should not make up a significant portion of a hedgehog’s diet.

Commercial Hedgehog Food

There are several commercial hedgehog food options available, which can provide a balanced nutrition plan for your pet. Look for brands that offer high-quality protein sources and avoid those with excessive amounts of fat or fillers. It’s always a good idea to consult with a veterinarian before making any significant changes to your hedgehog’s diet.

Homemade Hedgehog Food

For those who prefer to make their own hedgehog food, there are several recipes available online. These typically consist of high-quality protein sources, such as chicken or turkey, as well as vegetables and fruits. It’s important to ensure that any homemade food provides a balanced nutrition plan and is prepared safely and hygienically.

Overall, there are many suitable food options available to ensure your hedgehog receives a healthy and balanced diet. Experiment with different foods and consult with a veterinarian to find the best plan for your pet.

Introducing Mealworms to a Hedgehog’s Diet

Now that you’ve decided to include mealworms in your hedgehog’s diet, it’s crucial to introduce them slowly and properly. Failure to do so can lead to digestive issues that can harm your prickly companion’s health.

First, it’s important to purchase high-quality mealworms from a reputable source. This ensures they are safe for your hedgehog to eat and not contaminated with harmful chemicals.

Begin by offering one or two mealworms to your hedgehog and observe how they react. If they show interest and consume them without issue, gradually increase the number of mealworms offered over several days, up to a maximum of 10-15 per day. It’s important not to exceed this amount, as too many mealworms can disrupt the balance in your hedgehog’s diet.

It’s important to note that mealworms should not replace a hedgehog’s primary food source. Instead, mealworms should be offered as a treat or supplement to their regular diet.

Lastly, always provide a fresh supply of clean water for your hedgehog to drink after consuming mealworms or any other food.

Monitoring and Adjusting Your Hedgehog’s Diet

Once you have established a healthy meal plan for your hedgehog that includes mealworms, it’s important to monitor their diet regularly. This way, you can ensure that they are receiving the proper nutrients and making any necessary adjustments as they age or experience changes in their health.


Regularly checking your hedgehog’s weight is an important part of monitoring their diet. If you notice significant weight loss or gain, it may be necessary to adjust their food intake. Additionally, observing their energy levels and behavior can provide insight into their overall health and whether their dietary needs are being met.


If you notice any changes in your hedgehog’s weight or behavior, it may be necessary to adjust their diet. For example, if your hedgehog is gaining weight, you may need to decrease the overall food portion size or adjust the ratio of certain nutrients. On the other hand, if your hedgehog is losing weight, you may need to increase the portion size or provide more high-protein foods.

It’s important to make changes to your hedgehog’s diet gradually to avoid digestive upset. You can start by adjusting the portion size or ratio of specific foods by a small amount and monitoring their response. Remember to always consult with your veterinarian if you have concerns about your hedgehog’s diet or health.


Overall, hedgehogs can eat mealworms, but it’s important to understand their nutritional requirements and the potential benefits and risks of incorporating mealworms into their diet. As insectivores, hedgehogs need a diet high in protein, low in fat, and balanced in vitamins and minerals. Mealworms can provide essential nutrients and promote natural foraging behaviors, but there are also risks such as allergies and digestive concerns that must be considered.

It’s important to diversify a hedgehog’s diet with other suitable food options and introduce mealworms slowly and in moderation. Proper monitoring and adjustment of their diet over time can help ensure their optimal health and happiness.

My Experience

As a hedgehog owner myself, I have found that incorporating mealworms into my hedgehog’s diet has been a positive experience. My hedgehog enjoys the added variety and the opportunity to engage in natural foraging behaviors. However, I always monitor her closely and make adjustments to her diet as needed.

Remember, every hedgehog is unique, and it’s crucial to seek advice from a veterinarian specializing in exotic pets if you have any concerns about your hedgehog’s diet or health.

With proper care and attention, including mealworms in a hedgehog’s diet can be a healthy and enjoyable experience for both you and your beloved pet.


Can hedgehogs eat mealworms?

Yes, hedgehogs can eat mealworms. However, they should be offered as part of a balanced diet and not as the sole source of nutrition.

What are the nutritional requirements of hedgehogs?

Hedgehogs require a diet that is high in protein, low in fat, and contains a balance of vitamins and minerals.

What is the nutritional profile of mealworms?

Mealworms are a good source of protein and contain some fats and nutrients that can benefit the health of hedgehogs.

What are the potential benefits of feeding mealworms to hedgehogs?

Mealworms can provide essential nutrients and help promote natural foraging behaviors in hedgehogs.

Are there any risks or considerations when feeding mealworms to hedgehogs?

Yes, there are potential risks such as allergies and digestive issues. It’s important to introduce mealworms gradually and monitor your hedgehog’s response.

What are some other suitable food options for hedgehogs?

In addition to mealworms, hedgehogs can also eat a variety of other foods such as insects, fruits, vegetables, and high-quality cat food.

How should I introduce mealworms to my hedgehog’s diet?

It’s important to introduce mealworms gradually, starting with small amounts and slowly increasing the quantity. This allows your hedgehog’s digestive system to adjust.

How do I monitor and adjust my hedgehog’s diet?

Monitor your hedgehog’s health and behavior to ensure they are thriving. Adjust their diet if necessary by consulting with a veterinarian and making changes based on their individual needs.

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