Hedgehog eating habits

Exploring Hedgehog Eating Habits: A Delightful Insight

Have you ever wondered what hedgehogs eat? These adorable spiky creatures have a unique diet that is essential to their health and well-being. In this comprehensive article, we will delve into the fascinating world of hedgehog eating habits. From their favorite foods to their nutritional requirements, we will uncover everything you need to know about what hedgehogs eat.

Key Takeaways:

  • Hedgehogs have a specific diet that is essential to their health and well-being.
  • Their diet consists mainly of insects, worms, and small invertebrates.
  • It is important to provide a varied and balanced diet for domestic hedgehogs.
  • Protein is a vital component of a hedgehog’s diet.
  • Feeding schedule and portion control are crucial to maintain a healthy weight for your pet hedgehog.

What Do Hedgehogs Eat in the Wild?

When it comes to hedgehog eating habits, it’s essential to understand their natural diet and the nutrients they require to thrive. In the wild, hedgehogs are primarily insectivorous, with some occasional addition of other food sources.

Essential Nutrients for Hedgehogs:

Hedgehogs require a balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs. The following nutrients are essential:

  • Protein: Hedgehogs require significant amounts of protein, which can be found in insects, snails, caterpillars, and worms.
  • Fats: Healthy fats are essential for hedgehog survival, and they can be found in some nuts, seeds, and insects.
  • Fiber: Hedgehogs need fiber to maintain good digestive health. They get this from a range of sources, such as fruits and vegetables.
  • Minerals and vitamins: A healthy diet enriched with essential vitamins and minerals is essential to keep hedgehogs healthy and strong.

Natural Diet for Hedgehogs:

Hedgehogs in the wild consume a range of foods, including:

Insects Worms Slugs and snails Small invertebrates
Beetles Earwigs Snails Caterpillars
Moth larvae Slugs Ants Spiders

Hedgehogs also eat small amounts of fruits, vegetables, and grains, which they may consume accidentally while foraging for insects.

Understanding hedgehog’s natural diet and nutritional needs is crucial for providing them with a suitable diet. In the next section, we will explore the best foods to offer hedgehogs in captivity.

Domestic Hedgehog Diet: Best Foods for Your Pet

If you are a hedgehog owner, one of your primary responsibilities is to provide your pet with a balanced and healthy diet. Domestic hedgehogs have different dietary needs than their wild counterparts. In this section, we will discuss some of the best food choices for your pet hedgehog.

Hedgehog Diet:

The ideal diet for hedgehogs consists of a balance of protein, fat, fiber, and other essential nutrients. Commercial hedgehog food is formulated to meet these requirements and is an excellent choice for your pet’s daily diet.

Foods to Include: Foods to Avoid:
  • Sugary foods
  • Dairy products
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Citrus fruits
  • Raw meat
  • Onions and garlic

It’s important to offer a variety of protein sources to your hedgehog. Insects, such as mealworms and crickets, are an excellent source of protein, and most hedgehogs love them. Chicken and eggs are also protein-rich and can be fed to your pet in small quantities.

Food for Hedgehogs:

If you want to offer fresh fruits and vegetables to your pet hedgehog, make sure they are low in sugar and high in fiber. Some good options include sweet potatoes, peas, carrots, and apples. It’s essential to remember that these should be given in moderation as occasional treats.

Hedgehog Food Choices:

It’s crucial to offer your hedgehog a variety of food choices. This will help keep your pet interested in their food and ensure they receive all the necessary nutrients for optimal health. Additionally, providing a shallow dish of fresh water is essential for keeping your pet hydrated.

Overall, providing a balanced and nutritious diet is crucial for your hedgehog’s health and wellbeing. Commercial hedgehog food is an excellent choice for daily feedings, supplemented with protein-rich insects and occasional treats of fresh fruits and vegetables. Remember to offer a variety of food choices and provide fresh water daily.

The Importance of Protein in Hedgehog Diets

As mentioned in previous sections, hedgehogs require a varied diet to maintain their health and well-being. While fruits and vegetables are an essential part of their diet, protein is equally crucial, and hedgehogs need it in sufficient amounts. Protein is vital for building and repairing muscle tissues, as well as for various metabolic processes in the hedgehog’s body.

When it comes to protein, hedgehogs have particular requirements. They need high-quality animal protein that is easily digestible. In the wild, hedgehogs rely on insects, worms, and other small invertebrates as their primary source of protein. These foods are rich in essential amino acids that hedgehogs need to survive.

If you are considering keeping a hedgehog as a pet, it’s important to be mindful of their protein requirements. Commercial hedgehog food is an excellent source of protein for domestic hedgehogs, and it’s important to choose a high-quality brand that meets their dietary needs.

Additionally, you can supplement your hedgehog’s diet with high-quality protein-rich foods, such as cooked lean chicken or turkey, or cooked egg. It’s crucial to avoid feeding your hedgehog processed meats, as they are often high in salt and preservatives, which can be harmful to your pet.

To ensure that your hedgehog is getting enough protein, it’s best to include a variety of protein sources in their diet. As a general guideline, a hedgehog’s diet should consist of 20% to 30% protein. Overfeeding protein to your hedgehog can lead to obesity and other health problems, so it’s essential to maintain portion control.

In conclusion, protein is a crucial component of a hedgehog’s diet. By ensuring that your hedgehog receives sufficient amounts of high-quality protein, you can contribute to their overall health and well-being.

Foods to Avoid: Harmful Substances for Hedgehogs

Hedgehog diet

When it comes to feeding hedgehogs, it’s not just about what they should eat, but also about what they should definitely avoid. Some foods can be toxic to hedgehogs and can lead to serious health issues. As a responsible pet owner, it’s crucial to be aware of these harmful substances and keep them away from your beloved pet.

Chocolate and Caffeine

Chocolate and caffeine are two major substances that should be avoided as they can be fatal for hedgehogs. Chocolate contains theobromine, which is toxic to hedgehogs and can cause heart problems, tremors, and seizures. Caffeine, found in coffee and tea, can also lead to heart palpitations and other health issues.

Fatty Foods

While hedgehogs do require some fat in their diet, fatty foods should be avoided as they can lead to obesity, liver disease, and other health issues. Foods high in fat include fried foods, bacon, and cheese. It’s best to limit the intake of these foods and opt for healthier fats such as those found in fish and nuts.

Salty Foods

Salty foods such as chips, pretzels, and popcorn should also be avoided as they can lead to dehydration and other health problems. Hedgehogs require a balanced diet with adequate hydration, so it’s essential to steer clear of these salty treats.

Fruit Seeds and Pits

While fruits are a healthy addition to a hedgehog’s diet, their seeds and pits can be harmful. Fruits such as apples, grapes, and cherries contain seeds or pits that can cause choking hazards and digestive issues for hedgehogs. It’s best to remove all seeds and pits before offering these fruits as treats.

By avoiding these harmful substances and providing a balanced diet, you can contribute to your hedgehog’s overall health and wellbeing. Always consult with a veterinarian if you suspect your hedgehog has ingested something harmful.

Hedgehog Feeding Schedule and Portion Control

Establishing a proper feeding schedule and portion control is essential to maintain a healthy weight for your hedgehog. Adult hedgehogs should be fed once a day in the evenings to mimic their natural feeding patterns. Baby hedgehogs (under 6 months old) should be fed twice a day to support their growth and development.

When it comes to portion control, it’s essential not to overfeed your hedgehog. An average serving size is around 1-2 tablespoons of food per day. You can provide this amount in one serving or divide it into two smaller meals.

It’s also important to monitor your hedgehog’s weight and adjust the amount of food accordingly. If you notice your hedgehog gaining weight, reduce the serving size slightly. On the other hand, if your hedgehog is losing weight, increase the serving size or frequency of meals.

As a hedgehog owner, you should also provide fresh water daily. You can use a bowl or a water bottle, but ensure that the water is clean and changed regularly to prevent contamination.

Treats and Supplements

While a balanced diet is the foundation of a healthy hedgehog, treats and supplements can be offered in moderation. Treats such as fresh fruits and vegetables can be offered occasionally, but make sure to avoid foods that are high in sugar or fat. Some suitable options for treats include:

Treat options
Green beans

Supplements may also be necessary to ensure your hedgehog receives all the essential nutrients. However, consult with a veterinarian before offering any supplements to your hedgehog. Some suitable supplements include:

  • Calcium supplements
  • Vitamin D supplements
  • Probiotic supplements

Remember to always research and consult with a veterinary professional to ensure that you are providing your hedgehog with the best and healthiest diet possible.

Tips for Encouraging Healthy Eating Habits in Hedgehogs

Hedgehog eating from a bowl

Feeding a hedgehog can be challenging, especially if they are picky eaters. However, there are ways to encourage healthy eating habits to ensure your hedgehog is getting all the necessary nutrients.

1. Offer a variety of foods

Hedgehogs can get bored of eating the same thing every day, so it’s essential to provide a variety of suitable foods. You can try rotating their meals or adding new options to their diet to keep things interesting.

2. Provide fresh fruits and vegetables

While hedgehogs primarily eat insects and worms in the wild, they can also benefit from fresh fruits and vegetables. These should be offered as occasional treats and can be an excellent source of vitamins and minerals.

3. Make mealtime a bonding experience

Hedgehogs are social creatures and enjoy spending time with their owners. Making mealtime a bonding experience by hand-feeding your hedgehog can help strengthen your bond and encourage them to eat.

4. Avoid offering too many treats

Treats can be a great way to reward your hedgehog, but they should be offered in moderation. Too many treats can lead to obesity and other health issues. Stick to the recommended amount of treats and prioritize offering a well-balanced diet.

5. Keep their feeding area clean

Hedgehogs tend to be tidy animals and can refuse to eat if their feeding area is dirty. Ensure their feeding space is clean and free from any bacteria or mold that can cause illness.

6. Consult with a veterinarian

If your hedgehog is a picky eater or you have concerns about their diet, it’s always best to consult with a veterinarian. They can provide advice and recommendations tailored to your hedgehog’s specific needs.

By incorporating these tips, you can encourage healthy eating habits in your hedgehog and contribute to their overall well-being.

Supplementing Your Hedgehog’s Diet

While it’s essential to provide your hedgehog with a balanced diet, sometimes supplementation may be necessary to ensure they receive all the essential nutrients needed for optimal health. This is especially true if your hedgehog has specific health conditions or dietary restrictions that limit their food options.

Consult with your veterinarian before adding any supplements to your hedgehog’s diet to ensure their safety and suitability for your pet’s specific needs.

Some of the essential supplements that may benefit your hedgehog include:

Supplement Type Benefits Sources
Calcium Development and maintenance of strong bones and teeth Cuttlebone, calcium supplements
Vitamin D3 Calcium absorption and utilization Fatty fish, egg yolks, vitamin D supplements
Fatty Acids (Omega-3) Anti-inflammatory properties, skin and coat health Fatty fish, flaxseed oil, fish oil supplements
Probiotics Healthy gut bacteria, digestive health Yogurt, kefir, probiotic supplements

Remember to introduce supplements gradually and in small amounts, monitoring your hedgehog’s reaction. Over-supplementation can have adverse effects on your pet’s health, so it’s crucial to follow the recommended dosage and frequency as advised by your veterinarian.


As a hedgehog owner, I have learned firsthand about the importance of understanding hedgehog eating habits. By providing a balanced and nutritious diet, we can help our hedgehog friends maintain a healthy weight and overall well-being.

It’s fascinating to learn that hedgehogs in the wild have a varied diet that consists of insects, worms, and small invertebrates. As we discuss in this article, these natural food sources provide essential nutrients that are crucial for hedgehog survival.

When it comes to domestic hedgehogs, there are a variety of food options available, including commercial hedgehog food and fresh fruits and vegetables. These can be offered as occasional treats as part of a balanced diet.

As we explore in this article, protein is a vital component of a hedgehog’s diet, and it’s crucial to understand the types of protein-rich foods that are beneficial for hedgehogs. At the same time, it’s important to know what foods to avoid, as some foods can be toxic to our hedgehog friends.

Establishing a proper feeding schedule and portion control is also key to maintaining a healthy weight for your hedgehog. By following the guidelines we provide in this article, you can ensure your hedgehog receives the optimal amount of food and nutrition.

Finally, if supplementation is necessary, there are suitable options available. As we’ve seen, providing our hedgehogs with the right nutrients is essential to their happiness and longevity.

As you can see, understanding hedgehog eating habits is crucial to providing our hedgehog friends with a healthy and fulfilling diet. And when it comes down to it, who doesn’t want to see their favorite little creatures thrive?


What do hedgehogs eat in the wild?

Hedgehogs in the wild eat insects, worms, and small invertebrates as part of their natural diet.

What should I feed my pet hedgehog?

For domestic hedgehogs, a balanced diet can include commercial hedgehog food and occasional treats of fresh fruits and vegetables.

Why is protein important in hedgehog diets?

Protein is essential for hedgehog health and wellbeing. It helps support their growth, muscle development, and overall body functions.

What foods should I avoid feeding my hedgehog?

Some foods, like chocolate, grapes, and onions, are toxic to hedgehogs and should be avoided to keep them safe.

How often and how much should I feed my hedgehog?

Establish a regular feeding schedule and portion control to maintain a healthy weight for your hedgehog. Offer small amounts of suitable food once or twice a day.

How can I encourage healthy eating habits in my hedgehog?

You can try introducing a variety of foods, including insects and different fruits and vegetables, to entice your hedgehog to consume a balanced diet.

Do hedgehogs need any supplements?

In some cases, supplementation may be necessary to ensure hedgehogs receive all the essential nutrients. Consult with a veterinarian for suitable supplements.

What should I know about feeding baby hedgehogs?

Baby hedgehogs have specific dietary needs, including a higher protein intake. It’s best to consult with a veterinarian for guidance on feeding baby hedgehogs.

How can I prevent my hedgehog from becoming overweight?

Maintain portion control and avoid overfeeding. Regular exercise and providing stimulating environments can also help prevent obesity in hedgehogs.

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