Do hedgehogs eat poop?

Do Hedgehogs Eat Poop? – A Surprising Insight into Their Diet

As a professional copywriting journalist, I’ve spent countless hours researching and writing about animal behavior, but when I first heard the question “Do hedgehogs eat poop?” my curiosity was piqued. In this article, I will investigate this intriguing topic and provide you with a thorough understanding of hedgehog diets and behavior.

While many people may find the idea of hedgehogs eating poop off-putting, it’s important to remember that understanding the dietary habits of animals is crucial, whether you’re a pet owner or simply an animal lover. So, let’s dive in and explore the fascinating world of hedgehog diets!

Key Takeaways:

  • Hedgehog diet is an important factor in their overall health and well-being.
  • The question of whether hedgehogs eat poop is a common one among animal enthusiasts.
  • Understanding the digestive system of hedgehogs is crucial to understanding their dietary habits.
  • Other animals in the animal kingdom engage in coprophagy, the act of consuming feces.
  • A balanced diet is crucial to the health of hedgehogs.

Hedgehog Diet Explained

Before we dive into the intriguing question of whether hedgehogs eat poop, let’s first look at what these delightful creatures typically eat.

Hedgehogs are omnivores, meaning they consume both plants and animals. In the wild, their diet consists of insects, worms, snails, slugs, and various types of vegetation. They also have a sweet tooth and enjoy fruits such as berries and apples.

It’s important to note that hedgehogs have different dietary preferences depending on their habitat. For example, those living in desert environments may have a diet that is mainly insect-based.

Hedgehog Diet and Nutritional Needs

When it comes to feeding a pet hedgehog, it’s vital to provide them with a well-balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs. A proper diet ensures hedgehogs stay healthy, happy and can live for up to six years.

Here’s a breakdown of what a hedgehog’s balanced diet should consist of:

  • High-quality, low-fat commercial hedgehog food that is formulated specifically for their nutritional needs.
  • Fresh vegetables: leafy greens like spinach, kale, and lettuce, and non-citrus fruits like apples, pears, and bananas.
  • Insects: live mealworms, crickets, and waxworms.
  • Protein: cooked chicken, lean beef, or scrambled eggs.

It’s essential to avoid feeding your hedgehog certain types of food that can cause health problems. These include dairy products, fatty meats, citrus fruits, and junk food like chips and candy.

“A healthy hedgehog diet is key to keeping your little companion healthy and happy.”

It’s also worth noting that hedgehogs need access to fresh water at all times, provided in a shallow dish. During the winter months, it’s beneficial to give them a few drops of water mixed with apple juice for extra hydration, as hedgehogs tend to avoid drinking straight water in colder weather.

Habit and Feeding Schedule

Hedgehogs are nocturnal animals, meaning they are most active during nighttime hours. They usually sleep throughout the day and come out to forage for food at night. This means they should be fed in the late afternoon or early evening to coincide with their natural feeding habits.

It’s important to establish a feeding schedule for your pet hedgehog to maintain their health and wellbeing. A consistent feeding routine helps regulate their digestive system and prevents obesity.


Now that we understand what hedgehogs typically eat, we can delve into the intriguing question of whether they eat poop.

The Digestive System of Hedgehogs

Before we can determine if hedgehogs eat poop, we need to take a look at their digestive system. Hedgehogs are omnivores, meaning they consume both plant and animal matter. In the wild, their diet consists of insects, snails, worms, and small vertebrates, as well as fruits and vegetables.

Food passes through the hedgehog’s esophagus and into the stomach, where it is mixed with digestive juices and broken down. From there, it moves into the small intestine, where most of the nutrients are absorbed. The remaining waste then enters the large intestine, where water is extracted and the fecal matter is formed.

One unique aspect of the hedgehog’s digestive system is the presence of two anal sacs, located near the anus. These sacs secrete a foul-smelling liquid that is used for marking territory and defense against predators. When the hedgehog defecates, the anal sacs also empty, releasing their scent.

As for excretion, hedgehogs typically defecate once a day, usually during the evening or early morning hours. Their feces are small, dark, and cylindrical in shape.

Coprophagy in the Animal Kingdom

Did you know that hedgehogs are not the only animals that eat poop? In fact, coprophagy, the act of consuming feces, is more common in the animal kingdom than you might think.

Some animals, such as rabbits, rodents, and elephants, actually have to eat their own poop to obtain necessary nutrients that weren’t fully absorbed during the initial digestion process. Others, like dogs and cats, may occasionally engage in coprophagy due to behavioral or medical reasons.

“Coprophagy is far from being a rarity in the animal kingdom, and the reasons behind it are as varied as the species that exhibit the behavior.”

Interestingly, coprophagy can also play a role in social bonding and communication among some animals. For example, certain species of primates and birds will eat the feces of their group members as a way to establish and maintain social hierarchies.

Table: Animals That Eat Poop

Animal Reason for Coprophagy
Rabbits To absorb unabsorbed nutrients
Dogs Behavioral or medical reasons
Elephants To obtain additional nutrients
Primates Social bonding and communication

As we can see, coprophagy is a diverse and complex behavior that serves a variety of purposes in the animal kingdom.

Do Hedgehogs Engage in Coprophagy?

Hedgehogs are fascinating creatures with some unique behaviors, including coprophagy, the act of eating feces. But why do hedgehogs engage in this behavior?

Research has shown that hedgehogs may eat their own feces as a way to obtain vital nutrients that were not fully absorbed during their initial digestion. Hedgehogs have a short digestive tract, which means that food passes through their system quickly and they may not have enough time to fully absorb all of the necessary nutrients.

Furthermore, hedgehogs are nocturnal animals that need to conserve their energy during the day. Eating their own feces is a quick and easy way for them to obtain the missing nutrients without expending valuable energy searching for more food.

However, not all hedgehogs engage in coprophagy, and it is unclear why some individuals do it while others do not. It may simply be a matter of personal preference or instinctual behavior.

It’s worth noting that coprophagy is not a behavior unique to hedgehogs. Many other animals, including rabbits, rodents, and certain primates, also engage in this behavior. In fact, some species of animals, such as rabbits, rely on coprophagy as an essential part of their diet.

While it may seem unsavory to us humans, coprophagy is a natural behavior for many animals, including hedgehogs. As long as the feces being consumed are their own and not contaminated by harmful bacteria or parasites, it is generally considered harmless for the animal.

However, if you are a pet hedgehog owner, it’s important to keep their enclosure clean and free of feces to reduce the risk of disease transmission and ensure the health and well-being of your pet.

Potential Dangers of Eating Poop for Hedgehogs

While coprophagy is a common behavior among many animals, it can pose potential dangers to hedgehogs.

Firstly, consuming feces can lead to an imbalance in their gut microbiome, which can compromise their digestive health. Hedgehogs are susceptible to bacterial infections, especially Salmonella, which can be transmitted through fecal material.

Moreover, if hedgehogs eat poop from other animals, they may ingest harmful substances such as pesticides or toxins, leading to serious health issues. Additionally, consuming feces from animals that are not part of their natural diet can cause digestive discomfort, leading to vomiting and diarrhea.

To reduce the risks, hedgehog owners should provide a varied and nutritionally balanced diet to ensure their pet is getting all the necessary nutrients. It’s also essential to keep their habitat clean at all times to prevent the spread of diseases. Regular checkups with a veterinarian can help detect and prevent any potential health issues.

Tip: If you suspect that your hedgehog is engaging in coprophagy, consult with a veterinarian to ensure their health is not at risk.

Other Unusual Dietary Habits of Hedgehogs

While coprophagy may be one of the more surprising dietary habits of hedgehogs, they are known for other unique behaviors related to their food preferences.

“Hedgehogs love to self-anoint, which looks like they are having a seizure, but they are actually rubbing saliva mixed with new smells onto their quills.”

This behavior may seem odd to us, but it serves a purpose for hedgehogs in the wild. By masking their scent with different smells, they can avoid predators and blend in with their environment.

In addition to self-anointing, hedgehogs may also exhibit other unusual eating habits.

Eating Habit Description
Picky Eaters Hedgehogs can be notoriously picky eaters, often turning their nose up at foods they don’t like.
Overeating If given unlimited access to food, hedgehogs may overeat and become obese.
Snacking Hedgehogs are known for their love of snacking, often foraging for food throughout the night.

By understanding these unusual behaviors, we can better care for our hedgehog pets and cater to their individual preferences. Whether it’s providing a variety of food options or introducing new smells for self-anointing, we can enhance their happiness and well-being.

The Importance of a Balanced Diet for Hedgehogs

As adorable as hedgehogs are, they require careful attention to their diet to ensure good health and longevity. In the wild, hedgehogs feast on a variety of insects, small mammals, and plants. In captivity, it’s essential to provide them with a nutritionally balanced diet that mimics their natural eating habits.

When planning a hedgehog’s diet, it’s important to consider their unique nutritional needs. Hedgehogs are insectivores, which means they require a diet high in protein and low in fat. It’s essential to avoid feeding them fatty or sugary foods, as this can lead to obesity, liver problems, and other health issues.

Food Group Examples
Protein Mealworms, crickets, boiled eggs, cooked chicken, turkey or beef
Fruits and Vegetables Apples, bananas, grapes, carrots, green beans, sweet potatoes
Grains Whole-grain bread, cooked rice or pasta

While it’s important to provide hedgehogs with a variety of foods, it’s also crucial to avoid ones that are toxic to them. These include onions, garlic, avocado, grapes, and chocolate. It’s also important to avoid feeding them raw meat, which can harbor harmful bacteria that can make them sick.

In addition to choosing the right foods, it’s essential to monitor your hedgehog’s eating habits and weight. Overfeeding can lead to obesity, which can cause health problems and shorten their lifespan. Ideally, hedgehogs should eat about 1-2 tablespoons of food per day, depending on their size and activity level.

Finally, it’s important to provide hedgehogs with fresh, clean water at all times. A water bowl is preferable to a water bottle, as these can be difficult for hedgehogs to drink from. Change the water daily and clean the bowl regularly to prevent the growth of bacteria.

By providing hedgehogs with a nutritionally balanced diet, you can help them live a longer and healthier life. With careful attention to their dietary needs, these unique little creatures can thrive and bring joy to their owners for years to come.


After exploring the intriguing question of whether hedgehogs eat poop, we have come to a surprising conclusion. While it may seem like a bizarre behavior, coprophagy is actually common among these adorable creatures.

As we learned in earlier sections, hedgehogs have a unique digestive system that allows them to extract as many nutrients as possible from their food. Consuming their own feces helps them to obtain any remaining nutrients that were not absorbed during their initial digestion.

While coprophagy may seem unsanitary to us humans, it’s actually a beneficial behavior for hedgehogs. However, it’s important to note that consuming the feces of other animals can pose potential health risks and should be avoided.

Overall, providing a balanced and varied diet is crucial for the health and happiness of hedgehogs. Along with coprophagy, they have other unique dietary habits such as self-anointing and preferences for certain foods. By understanding their nutritional needs and providing them with proper care, we can ensure the well-being of these delightful pets.


Do hedgehogs eat poop?

No, hedgehogs do not typically eat poop as part of their diet. They have a specific dietary preference for insects, worms, and some plant matter.

What do hedgehogs eat?

Hedgehogs primarily consume insects, worms, slugs, and snails. They also eat some fruits, vegetables, and even small mammals or eggs if they come across them.

How does the digestive system of hedgehogs work?

Hedgehogs have a short digestive system that allows for the efficient breakdown of their food. Their stomach acid is highly acidic, aiding in the digestion of insects and other prey.

Are there other animals that eat poop?

Yes, coprophagy is observed in various animal species. Rabbits and rodents, for example, consume their own feces to maximize nutrient absorption.

Do hedgehogs engage in coprophagy?

While coprophagy is not a common behavior among hedgehogs, there have been rare instances where hedgehogs have been observed eating their own feces. However, it is not a typical dietary habit for them.

Are there any dangers associated with hedgehogs eating poop?

There are potential risks, such as the transmission of parasites or pathogens. It’s important to ensure a clean and hygienic living environment for hedgehogs to minimize these risks.

What are some other unusual dietary habits of hedgehogs?

Hedgehogs have unique behaviors related to their diet, including self-anointing, where they coat themselves in unfamiliar scents, and displaying preferences for certain foods over others.

How important is a balanced diet for hedgehogs?

A balanced diet is crucial for the overall health and well-being of hedgehogs. It ensures they receive the necessary nutrients and helps prevent health issues related to deficiencies or imbalances.

What is the conclusion regarding hedgehogs eating poop?

After thorough exploration, it is concluded that hedgehogs do not typically eat poop. Their diet primarily consists of insects, worms, and occasionally fruits or vegetables.

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