Do hedgehogs eat garden plants?

Do Hedgehogs Eat Garden Plants? – Discover the Answer

Are you a lover of both hedgehogs and gardening? If so, you may be wondering whether the two can coexist peacefully. After all, you’ve invested time and effort into creating a beautiful green paradise, and the last thing you want is for it to be destroyed by curious critters. In this article, we’ll explore the question of whether hedgehogs eat garden plants and provide you with tips and insights to help you protect your precious greenery.

Key Takeaways:

  • Hedgehogs primarily stick to their natural food sources and will only occasionally nibble on garden plants.
  • Understanding hedgehog foraging habits can help you predict their behavior around your garden plants.
  • Some garden plants are safe for hedgehogs and can coexist peacefully in your garden.
  • Effective protective measures can be taken to deter hedgehogs from damaging your garden plants.
  • You can create a hedgehog-friendly garden that supports these adorable creatures while also promoting the growth of your greenery.

Understanding the Hedgehog Diet

Before we can determine if hedgehogs eat garden plants, we must first understand their natural diet. Hedgehogs are omnivores, which means they eat both plants and animals. In the wild, their diet consists mostly of insects, earthworms, slugs, and snails. They also eat small reptiles, amphibians, and birds, as well as nuts, berries, and fruits.

While hedgehogs do occasionally snack on garden plants, it is not a significant part of their diet. They generally prefer the taste of their natural diet and will only eat plants if other food sources are scarce. It’s also important to note that not all garden plants are harmful to hedgehogs, and some are even safe and beneficial to their diet.

To ensure hedgehogs are getting the proper nutrition they need, it’s best to leave them to their natural foraging habits. Providing hedgehogs with a variety of natural food sources in your garden can help support their well-being and promote their presence in your outdoor space. In the next section, we’ll explore the different foraging habits hedgehogs have and how they can impact your garden plants.

Hedgehog Foraging Habits

It’s fascinating to observe hedgehogs foraging for food, especially in their natural habitats. These adorable creatures have some unique habits that help them locate their preferred food sources.

Hedgehogs are nocturnal creatures, and they tend to forage for food at night. They have a keen sense of smell, and they use it to locate insects and other invertebrates which make up a significant part of their diet. Hedgehogs can consume up to 200 grams of invertebrates in a single night!

When foraging, hedgehogs typically move in a zig-zag pattern. This behavior helps them cover more ground and increases their chances of finding food. They also use their sense of hearing to detect prey, and their long snouts and sharp teeth enable them to catch and eat small insects with ease.

Interestingly, hedgehogs are known to show a preference for certain insects. For example, they particularly enjoy eating mealworms and slugs. However, they are also known to eat frogs, small rodents, and birds, among other things.

During the winter months, hedgehogs may go into hibernation, reducing their need to forage for food. However, they still need to eat enough to sustain themselves throughout hibernation. During this time, hedgehogs will often eat larger quantities of food to build up their fat reserves.

Overall, hedgehogs have very selective foraging habits. While they may occasionally eat garden plants, they primarily rely on insects and other invertebrates for their sustenance.

I find it fascinating to watch hedgehogs foraging for food. Their movements are so precise, and they seem to have an intuitive sense for where their prey may be hiding.

Identifying Plants Safe for Hedgehogs

If you’re a garden enthusiast like me, you’re probably wondering which plants are safe for hedgehogs. Luckily, there are plenty of options available that won’t harm these adorable creatures.

Note: Always properly research a plant’s safety before adding it to your garden. Consult a professional or reliable resource if you’re unsure.

Plant Safety Level Type
Nasturtiums Safe Flower
Calendula Safe Flower
Campanula Safe Flower
Ferns Safe Shrub
Hebes Safe Shrub
Hostas Safe Plant
Buddleia Safe Bush

These are just a few examples of plants that are safe for hedgehogs. In general, plants that are safe for other wildlife like birds and insects are also safe for hedgehogs. Avoid using pesticides and herbicides on your plants as they can harm hedgehogs and other wildlife.

If you’re unsure about a particular plant, do some research to confirm its safety before planting it in your garden. Remember, providing a safe and welcoming environment for hedgehogs is crucial to their survival.

Protecting Garden Plants from Hedgehogs

protecting garden plants from hedgehogs

If you’re someone who cherishes the plants in your garden, you understandably want to protect them from hedgehogs who may find them irresistible. Fortunately, there are numerous ways to keep your furry visitors at bay while preserving your cherished greenery.

Install a Hedgehog-Proof Fence

If you’re looking for a foolproof way to keep hedgehogs out of your garden, consider installing a hedgehog-proof fence. This type of fencing has gaps that are too small for hedgehogs to squeeze through, ensuring that your plants remain untouched. Be sure to bury the fence at least six inches below ground to prevent hedgehogs from digging underneath it.

Add a Hedgehog Feeding Station

Another effective strategy for protecting your garden plants is to provide an alternative food source for hedgehogs. By adding a feeding station to your garden, you can direct hedgehogs away from your plants and towards a designated area where they can feed to their heart’s content. Fill the feeding station with hedgehog-friendly foods like cat food and mealworms.

Use Natural Deterrents

If you’re looking for a more natural solution, consider using deterrents that won’t harm hedgehogs or your plants. Citrus peels, coffee grounds, and vinegar are all natural scents that hedgehogs dislike. Spread them around your garden beds to discourage hedgehogs from approaching your plants.

Avoid Using Chemicals

Avoid using pesticides or other chemicals in your garden to deter hedgehogs. These substances can be harmful to hedgehogs, as well as other wildlife and pets. Opt for natural solutions to protect your plants and the environment.

Keep Garden Tidy

Hedgehogs love to hide in cluttered areas, such as piles of leaves or debris. By keeping your garden tidy and free of clutter, you can discourage hedgehogs from taking up residence in your garden, and prevent them from hiding out in areas where your plants are vulnerable.

By taking these simple steps, you can effectively protect your garden plants from hedgehogs while still providing a safe haven for these adorable creatures. Remember, a little bit of effort can go a long way in promoting harmony between your garden and the wildlife that calls it home.

Creating a Hedgehog-Friendly Garden

If you’re an animal lover like me, you’ll be pleased to hear that it’s possible to create a garden that supports the well-being of hedgehogs. By choosing the right plants and implementing a few simple techniques, you can attract these adorable critters to your backyard and provide them with a safe haven.

When it comes to plants, opt for those that are hedgehog-friendly. These include:

Plant Name Description
Wildflowers Hedgehogs love to forage through wildflower meadows for insects and invertebrates.
Hedges Creating a hedgerow in your garden provides hedgehogs with a cozy home and helps protect them from predators.
Buddleia Also known as the butterfly bush, buddleia attracts insects that hedgehogs love to eat.

Be sure to avoid using pesticides or chemicals in your garden, as these can be harmful to hedgehogs and their natural food sources. Instead, opt for natural methods such as companion planting and handpicking pests.

You can also provide hedgehogs with shelter by creating a hedgehog house or leaving piles of leaves and twigs in a quiet corner of your garden. This gives them a cozy place to hibernate and raise their young.

Incorporating hedgehog-friendly plants and creating a welcoming environment for these adorable creatures can add a new level of charm to your garden, and provide a valuable habitat for their continued survival.

Natural Food Sources for Hedgehogs

Natural Food Sources for Hedgehogs

Hedgehogs are omnivores and rely on a variety of natural food sources to sustain their health and well-being. Some of their favorite food sources include:

  • Insects such as beetles, crickets, and caterpillars.
  • Invertebrates such as snails, slugs, and worms.
  • Small mammals such as mice and shrews.
  • Fruits such as apples and berries.

As you can see, hedgehogs have diverse dietary needs. To support their natural food sources, consider creating a wildlife-friendly garden that incorporates a variety of plants and habitats. This will help provide a sustainable ecosystem for hedgehogs and other small creatures.

“Hedgehogs have the ability to eat a variety of insects, making them an important part of the ecosystem.”

Deterring Hedgehogs from Eating Plants

If you’re looking to protect your garden plants from hedgehogs, there are several effective methods you can try. Here are some options:

1. Create Barriers

One of the simplest ways to prevent hedgehogs from accessing your plants is to create barriers around them. You can use rocks, wire mesh, or chicken wire to form a fence around your garden beds. Ensure that the barrier is at least six inches high and extends a few inches below ground to prevent hedgehogs from burrowing underneath.

2. Use Repellents

Another approach is to use natural repellents that deter hedgehogs from approaching your plants. These can include strong-smelling substances like vinegar, garlic, or lavender. You can also try sprinkling chili powder around your garden beds to create a spicy barrier that hedgehogs won’t cross.

3. Install Motion-Activated Sprinklers

Motion-activated sprinklers are a high-tech solution to hedgehog damage. These devices use sensors to detect movement and spray water in response, startling hedgehogs and discouraging them from returning to your garden. They’re a great option if you’re dealing with persistent hedgehogs that aren’t deterred by other methods.

4. Provide Alternative Food Sources

If you’re willing to share some of your garden with hedgehogs, you can try offering them alternative food sources to distract them from your plants. This can include setting up a separate feeding station with hedgehog-friendly foods like cat food or mealworms. Additionally, providing a hedgehog house or shelter can encourage them to make a home in your yard and focus less on your plants.

Remember, it’s important to avoid using harmful methods like chemicals or traps to deter hedgehogs. These can be dangerous not only to the hedgehogs but also to other wildlife in your area.

Tip: If you’re unsure which methods will work best for your garden, try combining several of them for maximum effectiveness.


As a garden lover and wildlife enthusiast, I understand the concern regarding garden plant damage by hedgehogs. However, based on our exploration of the hedgehog diet and foraging habits, we can conclude that hedgehogs primarily rely on their natural food sources rather than garden plants.

That said, it’s still important to identify plants that are safe for hedgehogs and take measures to protect your garden if necessary. By incorporating hedgehog-friendly plants and deterrents, you can strike a balance that benefits both your garden and these adorable creatures.

Remember, hedgehogs play an important role in our ecosystem and contribute to pest control by feasting on insects and invertebrates. So, let’s do our part in creating a welcoming space for hedgehogs while preserving our garden paradise.


Do hedgehogs eat garden plants?

Hedgehogs primarily stick to their natural food sources, such as insects and invertebrates. While they may occasionally sample garden plants, it is not their main diet.

What do hedgehogs typically eat?

Hedgehogs in the wild typically eat insects, slugs, worms, and other invertebrates.

How can hedgehogs affect my garden?

Hedgehogs can help control pests in your garden by eating insects and invertebrates. However, they may occasionally nibble on garden plants if their natural food sources are scarce.

Are there any garden plants that are safe for hedgehogs?

Yes, there are several garden plants that are safe for hedgehogs, such as lavender, marigolds, and sunflowers. These plants can coexist peacefully with hedgehogs.

How can I protect my garden plants from hedgehogs?

You can protect your garden plants from hedgehogs by using physical barriers, such as fences or netting, or by using natural deterrents, like strong-smelling plants or repellents.

How can I create a hedgehog-friendly garden?

To create a hedgehog-friendly garden, you can incorporate hedgehog-friendly plants, provide shelter, and create easy access points for hedgehogs to come and go.

What are the natural food sources for hedgehogs?

Hedgehogs rely on insects, slugs, worms, beetles, and other invertebrates as their natural food sources.

How can I deter hedgehogs from eating my plants?

You can deter hedgehogs from eating your plants by removing potential food sources, using natural repellents, and creating barriers around vulnerable plants.

Can hedgehogs cause damage to garden plants?

While hedgehogs may occasionally sample garden plants, they do not typically cause significant damage. By following protective measures, you can minimize any potential harm.

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