Can hedgehogs eat beans?

Can Hedgehogs Eat Beans? Your Complete Guide to Their Diet.

If you’re a hedgehog owner, you’re likely wondering what foods you can and cannot feed your pet. One common question that comes up is whether hedgehogs can eat beans. In this comprehensive guide, I’ll answer that question and provide you with all the information you need to know about your hedgehog’s dietary needs.

Key Takeaways:

  • Hedgehogs require a balanced diet to maintain their health and well-being.
  • Their natural diet consists of insects, meat, and some plants.
  • Protein is an essential part of a hedgehog’s diet.
  • Some vegetables and fruits can be included in their diet for added nutrition.
  • Beans should be fed to hedgehogs with caution due to their indigestible nature.

Understanding the Hedgehog’s Natural Diet

Before we dive into the specifics of hedgehog food, it’s important to understand what they naturally eat in the wild. Hedgehogs are insectivores, which means that they primarily eat insects and other small invertebrates.

Some of the insects that hedgehogs commonly consume include beetles, slugs, caterpillars, and earthworms. They also eat small vertebrates, such as lizards and frogs, and occasionally indulge in plant material like fruits and vegetables.

While hedgehogs have adapted to eating a variety of foods, their natural diet provides important insights into their nutritional requirements. In the wild, hedgehogs are able to seek out the foods that provide them with the nutrients they need to remain healthy.

Hedgehog Food in Captivity

For pet hedgehogs, it’s important to replicate their natural diet as closely as possible. This means providing them with a variety of insects and, in some cases, small amounts of fruits and vegetables.

There are a number of commercially available hedgehog foods on the market, but it’s important to choose one that is made from high-quality ingredients and that doesn’t contain any harmful additives or preservatives.

The Importance of a Balanced Diet

Regardless of whether you choose to feed your hedgehog a commercial hedgehog food or a more natural diet consisting of insects, fruits, and vegetables, it’s essential that their diet is balanced and provides them with all of the nutrients they need to thrive.

Hedgehogs require a diet that is high in protein, low in fat, and rich in vitamins and minerals. They also need to have access to fresh, clean drinking water at all times.

By understanding the natural diet of hedgehogs and their nutritional needs, you can ensure that your pet hedgehog remains healthy and happy throughout their life.

The Nutritional Needs of Hedgehogs

Just like humans, hedgehogs require a balanced diet to maintain their health and well-being. Providing them with the right nutrients is essential for their growth and development. In this section, we will discuss the hedgehog’s nutritional needs, including the essential nutrients they require for optimal health.

Essential Nutrients for Hedgehogs

Hedgehogs require a diet that is high in protein and low in fat. They also need a good balance of vitamins and minerals to support their bodily functions.

Protein: Protein is essential for building and repairing tissues in the body. Hedgehogs require a diet that is high in protein, making it a crucial part of their nutritional needs. Good sources of protein for hedgehogs include insects, cooked meat, and mealworms.

Fats: Hedgehogs require a low-fat diet to prevent obesity and maintain their overall health. Too much fat in their diet can lead to serious health problems such as heart disease and diabetes.

Carbohydrates: While carbohydrates are not necessary for hedgehogs, they are still an essential part of their diet. Foods like fruits and vegetables provide hedgehogs with the carbohydrates they need to stay healthy.

Fiber: Hedgehogs also require a diet that is high in fiber to promote healthy digestion. Foods like hay, vegetables, and fruits can provide them with the fiber they require.

Commercial Hedgehog Food

Commercial hedgehog food can be a good source of nutrition for your pet. These foods are formulated to provide hedgehogs with a balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs. When choosing a commercial food, make sure to read the label carefully and choose one that is high in protein and low in fat.


If you’re unable to provide your hedgehog with a balanced diet, supplements can help ensure they receive the nutrients they require. Calcium supplements, for example, can help keep their bones healthy, while vitamin supplements can provide them with the vitamins they need to stay healthy.

It’s important to note that supplements should not be used as a substitute for a balanced diet. They should only be used as a supplement to an already healthy diet.

Can Hedgehogs Eat Vegetables?

One common question among hedgehog owners is whether their pets can consume vegetables. While hedgehogs are primarily insectivores, some vegetables can be included in their diet to provide additional vitamins and minerals.

When introducing vegetables to your hedgehog’s diet, it’s important to do so gradually and in small portions. Start with one type of vegetable at a time and monitor your hedgehog’s reaction to it. If they seem to enjoy it and don’t experience any negative side effects, you can gradually increase the amount.

The Benefits of Vegetables in a Hedgehog’s Diet

Vegetables can provide hedgehogs with additional nutrients and fiber that they may not get from their primary diet of insects. Some of the vegetables that are safe for hedgehogs to eat include:

Safe Vegetables for Hedgehogs Unsafe Vegetables for Hedgehogs
Carrots Raw beans
Squash Onions
Pumpkin Garlic
Sweet potato Potatoes
Zucchini Rhubarb

As you can see, there are specific vegetables that hedgehogs should avoid, such as raw beans, onions, Garlic, and Potatoes. These vegetables can be harmful to hedgehogs and cause digestive issues.

Vegetables in Moderation

It’s important to remember that vegetables should not make up the majority of a hedgehog’s diet. While they do provide additional nutrients, hedgehogs still require a primary diet of insects to meet their nutritional needs. Too many vegetables can also cause digestive issues and even lead to obesity in hedgehogs.

Overall, vegetables can be a healthy addition to a hedgehog’s diet if introduced in moderation and with caution. Always consult with a veterinarian before making any changes to your hedgehog’s diet to ensure they are receiving the proper nutrition.

The Role of Protein in a Hedgehog’s Diet

Protein is an essential part of a hedgehog’s diet, as it helps maintain their muscle and tissue health. Hedgehogs require a diet high in protein, with an intake of approximately 30% of their daily food intake consisting of protein.

While hedgehogs can obtain protein from their natural diet of insects and other prey, captive hedgehogs may require supplemental protein sources to meet their dietary needs. It’s important to ensure that the protein sources offered to hedgehogs are appropriate for their digestive systems and do not contain excess fat or other harmful additives.

The best protein sources for hedgehogs are primarily animal-based, such as cooked chicken, turkey, and eggs. These protein sources are easily digestible and provide the necessary nutrients for hedgehogs to thrive.

Protein Sources for Hedgehogs

Protein Source Benefits
Cooked chicken/turkey High-quality protein with low fat content
Eggs Contain essential amino acids and easily digestible protein
Mealworms/superworms Excellent source of protein, but may be high in fat
Crickets/grasshoppers Low in fat and high in protein, but may be difficult for hedgehogs to catch and consume

It’s important to note that hedgehogs should not be fed too much protein, as excess protein in their diet can lead to health problems such as obesity and liver disease. A balanced and varied diet is key to maintaining a hedgehog’s health and well-being, and protein should be offered in moderation alongside other essential nutrients.

Consulting with a veterinarian or experienced hedgehog owner can be helpful in determining the appropriate protein sources and amounts to include in your hedgehog’s diet.

Introducing Fruits in a Hedgehog’s Diet

Fruits can be a tasty and nutritious addition to your hedgehog’s diet. However, it’s important to introduce them slowly and in moderation to prevent any digestive issues. Here are some fruits that are safe for hedgehogs to consume:

Fruits Benefits Serving Size
Bananas Good source of potassium, fiber, and vitamin C. 1-2 thin slices per week
Apples Rich in antioxidants and vitamin C. 1-2 small pieces per week, without seeds or core.
Watermelon High in water content and vitamins A and C. 1-2 small pieces per week, without seeds.

It’s important to remember that fruits should not make up the majority of your hedgehog’s diet. They should be served as occasional treats and never as a replacement for essential nutrients like protein and fat.

Tip: Always wash fruits thoroughly before feeding them to your hedgehog to remove any pesticides or harmful substances.

Can Hedgehogs Eat Insects?

As I mentioned earlier, insects are a natural part of a hedgehog’s diet. In fact, they can provide important nutrients such as protein and fiber.

However, not all insects are safe for hedgehogs to eat. Some insects, such as fireflies, ladybugs, and centipedes, are toxic to hedgehogs and can cause serious health problems.

So, which insects are safe for hedgehogs to eat? Here are some options:

Insect Benefits
Mealworms A good source of protein
Crickets Another good source of protein, and also a good source of fiber
Waxworms High in fat, so should be given sparingly, but can be a good treat for hedgehogs

It’s important to note that any insects given to hedgehogs should be purchased from a reputable source and not collected from the wild, as wild insects can carry diseases or parasites that can harm your pet.

If you’re considering adding insects to your hedgehog’s diet, it’s best to introduce them slowly and in small amounts. Some hedgehogs may be picky eaters and may not take to new foods right away.

Overall, insects can be a healthy addition to a hedgehog’s diet, as long as they are the right kind and given in moderation.

Exploring Other Foods for Hedgehogs

While hedgehogs have specific dietary needs, it’s always good to explore other food options that can help vary their diet. This section will cover a few alternative foods that are safe for hedgehogs to consume together with their recommended feeding frequency.


These small, wiggly creatures are high in protein and are safe to feed to hedgehogs. Mealworms can be fed to hedgehogs up to twice a week, and it’s best to buy them from a pet store to ensure they are of good quality. You can feed them live or dried, but avoid feeding them in large quantities since they are high in fat and can lead to obesity.

Boiled Eggs

Eggs are an excellent source of protein, and hedgehogs can eat both the white and the yolk. Boil an egg and cut it into small pieces, or scramble it without any added ingredients or seasonings. You can feed your hedgehog boiled eggs once a week.

Cooked Chicken

Chicken is another excellent source of protein for hedgehogs. Cooked, boneless chicken can be cut into small pieces and fed to your hedgehog once a week. Avoid feeding your hedgehog chicken that has been cooked with spices or seasonings since these can be harmful to them.

Fruits and Vegetables

While fruits and vegetables shouldn’t make up a significant portion of a hedgehog’s diet, they can be fed as occasional treats. Some safe options include small pieces of apple, banana, pear, or raspberry, as well as cooked sweet potato, green beans or carrot. These foods can be fed once a week in small amounts.


Aside from mealworms, there are other types of insects that hedgehogs can eat, such as crickets or waxworms. They can be fed live or dried but ensure they are purchased from a trusted source. It’s best to feed them as an occasional treat, up to twice a week, as they can be high in fat.

It’s essential to remember that hedgehogs’ primary diet should consist of high-quality dry cat food. Supplementing their diet with occasional treats from the list above can provide them with additional nutrients and enhance their dietary variety. However, it’s vital not to overfeed your hedgehog or introduce too many new foods into their diet too quickly. Always consult with a veterinarian before making any significant changes to your hedgehog’s diet.

Can Hedgehogs Eat Beans?

As a hedgehog owner, you may be curious about whether beans are a suitable addition to your hedgehog’s diet. Generally, beans are safe for hedgehogs to eat, but there are a few things you should keep in mind.

Firstly, beans are high in carbohydrates, which should be consumed in moderation in a hedgehog’s diet. While protein and fat are important for hedgehogs, an excess of carbohydrates can lead to obesity and health issues.

Secondly, not all beans are created equal when it comes to hedgehog nutrition. Some beans, such as kidney beans and lima beans, contain toxins that can cause digestive upset and even be lethal to hedgehogs. Therefore, it’s important to stick to safe beans, such as green beans and snap peas.

Safe Beans for Hedgehogs

Bean Type Nutritional Information Feeding Recommendation
Green Beans Low in fat and carbohydrates. High in fiber, protein, and vitamin C. Cooked green beans can be served in small amounts as an occasional treat.
Snap Peas Low in fat and carbohydrates. High in fiber, protein, and vitamin C. Cooked snap peas can be served in small amounts as an occasional treat.

Remember to always introduce new foods to your hedgehog’s diet gradually, starting with a small amount and monitoring for any adverse reactions. As with any dietary change, it’s best to consult with a veterinarian before adding beans to your hedgehog’s diet, especially if they have any underlying health conditions.

In conclusion, while beans can be safely included in a hedgehog’s diet, it’s important to choose safe varieties and feed them in moderation to prevent health issues. Always prioritize a balanced diet with essential nutrients for your hedgehog’s health and well-being.


Overall, hedgehogs have specific dietary needs that must be met to ensure they remain healthy and happy. It’s important to understand their natural diet and the essential nutrients they require. While vegetables and fruits can make a great addition to their diet, protein should remain a primary focus.

Remember to introduce new foods gradually, and always consult with a veterinarian before making any significant changes to your hedgehog’s diet. And as for the question of whether hedgehogs can eat beans, it’s best to avoid them altogether, as they do not provide any significant nutritional benefits and can be harmful to their digestive system.

By providing your hedgehog with a balanced and varied diet, you can help them thrive and live their best lives. Thank you for joining me on this journey to explore the world of hedgehog nutrition.


Can hedgehogs eat beans?

While beans may seem like a healthy option, they should not be a regular part of a hedgehog’s diet. Beans are high in carbohydrates and can cause digestive issues for hedgehogs. It’s best to stick to a diet that consists mainly of protein-rich foods and vegetables that are safe for hedgehogs to consume.

What is the natural diet of hedgehogs?

In the wild, hedgehogs primarily eat insects, snails, and other small invertebrates. Their diet also includes fruits, vegetables, and occasional eggs. It’s important to replicate their natural diet as closely as possible when feeding them as pets to ensure they receive the proper nutrition.

What are the nutritional needs of hedgehogs?

Hedgehogs require a balanced diet that includes protein, fiber, and essential vitamins and minerals. They need a high-protein diet, so foods like lean meats, mealworms, and crickets are good options. It’s also important to provide them with a variety of vegetables and fruits for added nutrition.

Can hedgehogs eat vegetables?

Yes, hedgehogs can eat certain vegetables, but not all are safe for them. It’s best to avoid feeding them vegetables that are high in oxalates, such as spinach and rhubarb. Safe options include carrots, peas, bell peppers, and green beans. Always introduce new vegetables gradually to ensure your hedgehog tolerates them well.

What is the role of protein in a hedgehog’s diet?

Protein is essential for hedgehogs as it helps support muscle growth and repair. High-quality protein sources like insects, chicken, and turkey offer the necessary amino acids they need. It’s important to provide a balance of protein and other nutrients to maintain their overall health.

Can hedgehogs eat fruits?

Yes, hedgehogs can eat certain fruits in moderation. Safe options include apples, berries, melons, and bananas. However, fruits should not make up a large portion of their diet as they are high in sugar. It’s best to offer fruits as occasional treats to avoid any digestive issues.

Can hedgehogs eat insects?

Absolutely! Insects are a natural part of a hedgehog’s diet. They provide essential protein and can help satisfy their natural foraging instincts. Mealworms, crickets, and waxworms are popular insect options for hedgehogs. Just be sure to source them from a reputable supplier to ensure they are safe for consumption.

What are some alternative foods for hedgehogs?

While a balanced diet is crucial, there are alternative food options you can consider for your hedgehog. These include cooked eggs, unseasoned cooked chicken, cat food formulated for kittens, and specially formulated hedgehog food. Always read the labels and consult with a veterinarian to ensure the food meets their nutritional needs.

Should I feed beans to my hedgehog?

It’s best to avoid feeding beans to hedgehogs. While some beans may not be toxic, they can cause digestive issues and discomfort for hedgehogs. Stick to a diet that includes high-quality protein sources, suitable vegetables, and appropriate fruits for optimal hedgehog health.

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